Rumors. “Where there’s smoke, there’s fire,” they say. On Tuesday, November 25, 1941, hundreds of Jews wearing the yellow patch (Star of David) were brought to the streets of the city. They passed by outside the ghetto along the barbed-wire fence that separated it from the town. Men, women and children, none of whom had any luggage. When they passed the ghetto fence, they asked those who were standing on the other side, where the Kovno ghetto was located. It was clear who they were, and it was also clear where they were being taken, surrounded by riflemen of the First Battalion of the Lithuanian Police under Air Force Major Kazys Shimkus’s command. On that day, 2934 Jews who had been expelled from Berlin, Munich and Frankfurt-am-Main were murdered at the Ninth Fort. Of these, 1159 were men, 1600 women and 175 children.
Their name will never be forgotten! This was the heading of the memorial book for the Jews of Berlin, victims of National Socialism, published by Berlin Municipality. Among the thousands of names in this book, we find those who were sent from Berlin to Kovno and murdered there at the Ninth Fort, the Death Fort. One of the victims was Haya Bester, who was sent on November 17 with the Sixth transport from Berlin and was killed at the Ninth Fort on November 25, 1941. The daughter of Haya Bester, Tamar Dorman, lives on Kibbutz Givat Brenner.
On Saturday, November 29, the same tragic scene was repeated, the only difference being the origin of the victims. This time Jews were brought from different places, from Vienna and Breslau. That day, the Lithuanians at the Ninth Fort killed 2000 Jews, of whom 693 were men, 1155 women and 152 children.